What causes asthma and asthma symptoms

What causes asthma and asthma symptoms

Asthma is a term we all have come across till now. 235 million people are the victims of asthma according to the estimation of WHO. This disease asthma is most familiar chronic disease among children. According to a current report, over 80% of asthma deaths occur in low and lower-middle income countries. But do not misinterpret the information: asthma transpires in all countries in spite of the level of development. So, what is the asthma symptoms? Let’s find out.

So the question remains, what causes asthma? Asthma is a kind of illness that affects the airways which carry air to and from the lungs. Asthma victims or sufferers are also called by the name Asthmatic. Their chronic conditions are long-lasting as well as recurrent. To explain elaborately about the disease, doctors say that the inside wall of the patients is often inflamed or swollen. Due to this condition of the airways, the airways now become more sensitive to irritations. Basically, the inflammation and swollen airways enlarge the susceptibility to allergen reaction for asthmatic. As the airways become narrower due to the puffed up, very less amount of air is allowed to pass through the lungs.
Physicians and researchers yet could not accurately state the exact reason behind asthma develops. But they think that people who have allergies have a tendency to develop asthma. The conditions or substances that are known as asthma triggers can appear in people who are either sensitive or susceptible to them. So the asthma causes are not confined indoors only but outdoors as well. Air pollution, pet dander, tobacco smoke is all asthma causes.
Researchers who are working on this field have found out that if one of the parents are asthma victims, then their children are two times more likely to suffer from asthma comparing to those people whose parents are not asthmatic. Though they have concluded this out, they also believe the genetic links are sometimes difficult to understand. Researchers are still trying to find out and understand the underlying causes of asthma and how precisely genes play a role in asthma causes. One of the theories researchers say is that people have genetically programmed responses to oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is a damaging chemical reaction within the body that results from stressors in the environment. This Oxidative stress seems to play a role in the symptoms of asthma. Fresh fruits and vegetables that are rich in antioxidants can assist to safeguard the lungs from oxidative stress and therefore can decrease the risk of asthma.
Allergic asthma is a bit different from regular asthma. Over 2.5 million children are the prey of asthma. If you are a victim of allergic asthma, your airways are extremely sensitive to certain allergens. Your immune system overreact due to the presence of this certain kind of allergens. The airways muscles become inflamed and tighten. Over time, the airways are flooded with thick mucus.

The symptoms of allergic asthma or non-allergic asthma are somewhat similar. The asthma symptoms are:

  1. Wheeze
  2. A cough
  3. Be short of breath
  4. Breathe quickly
  5. Feel your chest get tight

Here are some quick tips on how to combat asthma on allergy season:

  • Plan for exercise
  • Clean your home carpets, pillow, bed sheet every three weeks with great care
  • Rethink your home decor: replace carpets with hard-surfaced flooring and curtain with non-fabric window dressing
  • Use HEPA filter to keep the air clean inside your home

Asthma triggers

Asthma symptoms are directly linked to the factors that trigger asthma. Therefore, the reasons which trigger asthma attack are:

  • Airborne allergens which include such as pollen, mold, animal dander, cockroaches and dust mites
  • Respiratory infections
  • Physical activity
  • Cold air
  • Air pollutants and irritants
  • Tobacco smoke
  • Medications like beta blockers, ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen
  • Strong emotions
  • Stress
  • Chemicals like Sulfites are mixed with some foods and beverages
  • Preservatives added to shrimp, beer, processed potatoes, wine and dried fruit.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Menstrual cycle in some women

As we have learned earlier about asthma symptoms, asthma is common in people whose family background already as a record of suffering from asthma. But if you are not someone who is prone to asthma, there are some certain factors out there, for which you are more likely to get the disease asthma. As a result, the factors that increase the possibility of developing asthma are

  • Having a blood relative
  • Having another allergic condition
  • Being overweight
  • Being a smoker
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke
  • A pregnant mother who smoked during her pregnancy
  • Exposure to air pollution such as exhaust fumes
  • Exposure to chemicals used in farming,
  • Exposure to industrial black smokes

These are the common asthma symptoms. But the early asthma symptoms are:

  • A frequent cough,
  • Shortness of breath
  • Losing your breath easily
  • When exercising, feeling very tired
  • Coughing or Wheezing after exercise
  • Feeling tired
  • Mod change
  • Changes in lung function
  • Signs of a cold or allergies
  • Have Trouble when sleeping

Allergy Season

Here are some of the causes and along with them are the solutions on how you can survive on allergy season:

Air Fresheners

Air fresheners are sprayed or plugged into the wall to diffuse the sweet smell. But one unknown fact of it is they mask the odor rather than getting rid of the unpleasant smell. In many cases, they leave the asthmatic wheezing and sneezing. Therefore, it is better to skip this so-called special scent.


Asthma causes are from the effluvium from paints and can initiate an asthma trigger. Painting is a necessity, a task you can’t avoid decorating your office rooms or even your own bedrooms. The resolution to the problem is to use “green paint” logos. These kinds of paints are identified as low or zero volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Fresh Fruit

Have you ever come across the word, “oral allergy syndrome”? For those who haven’t, it is a kind of syndrome when you feel disconsolate by the green pollen or raged in the air. Introducing you to the term was for a special reason to understand why some fruits stand for asthma causes. Sometimes our body blunder certain natural chemicals in fruits like bananas, pears, peaches and apples for the pollens that cause allergy. The outcome can be the itchy mouth and scratchy throat. If you feel prickled after consuming the fruits, consult an allergist immediately before situations can turn around towards the worst.

Pain Relievers

For multitudinous people, also those who have asthma, taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and aspirin are absolutely fine if they are experiencing a headache, fever, back pain, etc. but about 3%-5% asthmatic are sensitive to aspirin as well as NSAIDs. Consuming them make cause them asthma triggers. So for them, a safe painkiller is acetaminophen (Tylenol).


We all know that Indian dishes are loaded with a variety of spices like garlic, cardamom, cinnamon, cumin and other spices. But dishes containing so many spices might not sound good for asthmatic as they are asthma causes. Also for ordinary people, so much spice in a dish does not make the dish healthy for them. Apart from that, spices are recurrently used in cosmetics. Garlic and cinnamon are the two most frequent causes of asthma triggers. Speaking generally, the hotter the spice is, the stronger the allergy reaction will be.

Lastly, it is calculated that asthma is the reason behind 1 in every 250 deaths around the world which actually reflects the severity of asthma. To reduce the asthma burden, encourage anti-tobacco public health policies in order to decrease tobacco consumption.

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