Back Pain Causes, Symptoms & Prevention


Back pain is a common disease and it can occur in any stage of your life. 80% of people experience low back pain at some point in their lifetimes, men and women equally affected by low back pain. It can be affected by injury, any medical condition, surgery or any activities. Low back pain can be the result of several diseases, such as cancer of the spinal cord, a ruptured or herniated disc, sciatica, arthritis, kidney infections, or infections of the spine. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), lower back pain is the most common cause of job-related limitation.

Back pain is a nuisance kind of pain usually, that is felt on the back side of the body and originated from the muscles, bones, nerves, joints, ligaments or other structures in the spine. Mostly back pain is felt in the lower back. Mainly back pain is a very common complaint due to absence from work or visiting the doctors. Although back pain may be agonizing and distasteful, it is usually not so serious. In this article, we will read about the back pain causes of lower and symptoms, middle and mid back pains. It is better to prevent the wrong actions you are doing now and not let your back pain to start.

Pain in the lower back is connected with the ligaments around the spine and discs, bony lumbar spine, spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles and the skin around the lumbar area. Mid back pain may be due to disorders of the aorta, spine inflammation and tumors in the chest.

What are the factors that cause back pain?

What organs can cause lower back pain is a common question for us. The human back is formed of a complex structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, disks, and bones that is working together and help you to move your body. Any of this component does not work properly, that can lead to back pain.

Maximum back pain causes from an injury, such as muscle sprains or strains because of unexpected movements or poor body mechanics while lifting heavy things. Back pain comes suddenly but stays not more than six days. If it stays 2-3 month then it is a serious condition you should consult a doctor.

The factors below are associated with developing low back pain:

  •         A mentally stressful job
  •         A pregnant woman is much likely to suffer from back pain
  •         A sedentary lifestyle
  •         As your age increases, mainly after the 30s, you are much more likely to suffer              from back pain due to various reasons.
  •         Anxiety
  •         Depression
  •         Back pain is more general in females than males
  •         Obesity
  •         Smoking
  •         Strenuous physical exercise
  •         Strenuous physical work.

What are the signs or say, symptoms of back pain?

The symptoms of back pain that pain anywhere in the back. Pain in your back is an obvious symptom that you should immediately run to the doctor. But besides, there are other factors as well you should keep in mind and must pay a visit to your doctor. Like: Weight loss

  •         Fever
  •         Inflammation on the back
  •         Persistent back pain, when lying down or resting, proves helpless
  •         Pain down the legs
  •         Pain reaches below the knees
  •         A recent blow, injury or trauma to your back
  •         Urinary incontinence
  •         Difficulty urinating
  •         Fecal incontinence – you do toilet unintentionally
  •         Numbness around the genitals
  •         Numbness around the anus
  •         Numbness around the buttocks.

The following category of people are more likely to go through back pains and should visit a doctor if they are having the above symptoms:

  •         People aged after 30-35
  •         Patients who are taking steroids and still continuing
  •         Drug abusers
  •         Patients with cancer
  •         Patients with low immune systems.

What are the causes of lower, middle or mid back pains?

The human back is composed of a complex structure of muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, disks, and bones. Problems with any of these components can lead to back pain.

The most common causes of lower, middle or mid back pains are:

  •         Strained muscles
  •         Strained ligaments
  •         Lifting something improperly
  •         Lifting something that is too heavy
  •         A muscle spasm.

Back pain can also result from everyday activity relating to poor poses. Examples include:

  •         Bending awkwardly
  •         Pushing something
  •         Pulling something
  •         Carrying something
  •         Lifting something
  •         Standing for long periods
  •         Bending down for long periods
  •         Twisting
  •         Coughing
  •         Sneezing
  •         Muscle tension
  •         Over-stretching
  •         Long driving sessions without a break

What is back pain treatment?

There have different treatment for back pain.

Home remedies

Home care method is more effective for the first 72 hours after the pain begins. Stop your normal physical activities for the next 72 hours and apply ice to your low back until swelling your skin. Doctors recommend applying ice for 48 to 72 hours then switch to heat therapy.  May back pain causes discomfort when you are lying. If you can lie comfortably on your back then place a pillow beneath your thighs to reduce the pressure on the lower back. Warm bath and massage relax your muscles in the back.

Stay active

Keep your regular movement or continue with your normal activities as much as possible. Stay active is more effective as a back pain treatment. Lower back pain may be difficult, your pain will start to better eventually. You can take a painkiller if you feel excess pain or stopping you from carrying on as normal. You try some easy exercise, simple exercise can often help to reduce back pain. There was no restriction that you have to take rest until you’re completely pain-free before returning to work. Your regular work or going to work will help you return to a normal pattern of activity and may distract you from the pain.


Different painkiller may help you to reduce, but NSAIDs aren’t suitable for everyone. Speak to a pharmacist if you’re not sure or take an alternative painkiller. But taking painkiller regularly is not right, a

Regular taking painkiller can cause addiction if used for longer. Muscle relaxants medicine may be prescribed by your physician if you have painful muscle spasms in your back.

Physical therapy

Physical therapy is very effective for back pain treatment. Your doctor may recommend physical therapy that help you to relax your back muscle. Some exercise like walking, swimming, or biking improve your mobility and function, and help ease your pain, and improve your motion and flexibility in conditions like spondylolisthesis, spinal osteoarthritis, or sciatica. The patient needs to practice the techniques regularly, even after the pain has gone, to prevent back pain recurrence.

Spine Surgery

Surgery may not be necessary for all condition. Surgery for back pain recommend for a specific medical reason for your pain, such as sciatica or a slipped (prolapsed) disc, and other treatments haven’t helped. There have a condition where surgery is necessary

You’ve had back pain for a long time

Your pain is unbearable

Your pain is thought to start from the joints in your spine

How to prevent back pain?

There have many ways to prevent back pain. Prevent back pain it is necessary to know what organs can cause lower back pain. Back pain is one of the most discomfort and common problem for everyone who has low back pain. Here we describe some prevention technique for back pain

Maintain a healthy weight and stay healthy.

Practice some regular exercise like swimming, walking, yoga, or Pilates that strengthens your core muscles and relax your muscles

Sleep on the bed comfortable that supports your spine well

Avoid bad habit like smoking, nicotine causes degeneration of spinal discs and also reduces blood flow.

Practicing prevention techniques may also help reduce the severity of your symptoms if you have lower back pain. Prevention includes exercising the muscles in your stomach and back, losing weight if you are overweight, lifting items properly (bending at the knees and lifting with the legs), and maintaining proper posture. Sleep on a hard surface and sit on supportive chairs which are at the correct height and avoid high-heeled shoes.

Bottom line

Back pain can occur from everyday activities either at home or at work. Pain can also develop as the result of overtime sitting, standing or lifting, and excess stress. While back pain becomes frustrating and debilitating, the upside is that the majority of episodes of back pain improve or resolve with minimal care, and usually within a few weeks. If your pain is not improving in 6 weeks despite trying simple treatments then you must need to consult with a doctor. The most frustrating things about back pain treatment are that it often takes time for symptoms to resolve. Most of the back pain patient recover completely by simply avoiding stress to the back. Keep in mind, though, that does not mean continued bed rest. Instead, slow and mild physical activity can help you to improve recovery time.

You can also read about someSurprising Ways to Treat Back Pain.

Last Update: 28 May 2019


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